Essentially, pigmentation relates to the colour of your skin and it is also seen as a natural protective system. Your skin’s colour is derived from a pigment called melanin, which is naturally produced within the skin.
When your skin is exposed to the sun, it produces more melanin, causing your skin to turn darker as a way to protect itself. Melanin also plays a key role when your skin is damaged; it is why our skin turns to a different colour when you suffer from a bruise or cut.
However, if your skin goes through prolonged exposure to the sun, your skin will have uneven dark patches on various parts of your body, including your face, hands and shoulder areas. It is these dark areas, caused by UV rays penetrating deep into the skin, that causes the skin to rapidly age.
How to Reduce Pigmentation?
One crucial preventative measure is to apply sun lotion and avoid exposing yourself to the sun for prolonged periods, especially during really hot weather. You can also use a range of serums that help to reduce pigmentation. If you’re after a more natural product, lookout for vegan skincare products that contain papaya extract, which helps to promote skin regrowth and can also help to lighten up your skin tone.